Norman A. Constantine PhD

Clinical Professor, Community Health Sciences
Education: 
  • Post-doctoral study, Cognitive Psychology, Stanford University, 1986-1987
  • PhD - Educational Psychology: Measurement and Research Methodology, University of Oregon, 1984
  • MA - Educational Psychology, Arizona State University, 1975
  • BA - Psychology/Political Science, Rutgers University, 1973
Research Interests: 
  • Adolescent sexual health programs and policy
  • Issues in applied causal inference
  • Motivated scientific reasoning and bounded ethicality
  • Policy use and misuse of research evidence
  • Measurement development and validation
  • Experimental and quasi-experimental research design
Selected Publications: 

Constantine, N. A., Jerman, P., Berglas, N. F., Angulo-Olaiz, F., Chou, C., & Rohrbach, L. A. (2015). Short-term effects of a rights-based sexuality education curriculum for high-school students: A cluster randomized trial. BMC Public Health, 15, 293.   

de Looze, M., Constantine, N. A., Jerman, P., Vermeulen-Smit, E., & ter Bogt, T. (2015). Parent–adolescent sexual communication and its association with adolescent sexual behaviors: A nationally representative analysis in the Netherlands. The Journal of Sex Research, 52, 257-268.  

Jerman, P., Berglas, N., Rohrbach, L. A., & Constantine, N. A. (2015). Test–retest reliability of self-reported sexual health measures among US Hispanic adolescents. Health Education Journal. Epub ahead of print June 15, 2015.   

Marques, S., Constantine, N. A., Goldfarb, E. S., & Mauldon, J. (2015). Sexuality education. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences (2nd ed., Vol 21,  pp. 825–832). Oxford, UK: Elsevier. 

Marques, S., Lin, J., Starling, M., Daquiz, A., Garcia, K., Goldfarb, E. S., & Constantine, N. A. (2015). Sexuality education websites for adolescents: A framework-based content analysis. Journal of Health Communication. Epub ahead of print July 6, 2015.  

Rohrbach, L. A., Jerman, P., Berglas, N. F., Angulo-Olaiz, F., Chou, C., & Constantine, N. A. (2015). A rights-based sexuality education intervention for adolescents: One-year outcomes from a cluster-randomized trial. Journal of Adolescent Health, 57, 399-406.   

Angulo-Olaiz, F., Goldfarb, E. S., & Constantine, N. A. (2014). Sexuality information needs of Latino and African American 9th graders: A content analysis of anonymous questions. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 9, 21–40.  

Antin, T. M. J., Constantine, N. A., & Hunt, G. (2014). Conflicting discourses in qualitative research: The search for divergent data within cases. Field Methods, 27, 211-222.  

Augsjoost, B., Jerman, P. Deardorff, J., Harley, K., & Constantine, N. A. (2014). Factors associated with parent support for condom education and availability. Health Education & Behavior, 41, 207–215.  

Berglas, N. F., Angulo-Olaiz, F., Jerman, P., Desai, M., & Constantine, N. A. (2014). Youth perspectives on sexual rights and gender equality in intimate relationships as a foundation for rights-based sexuality education. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 11, 288-298. 

Berglas, N. F., Constantine, N. A., & Ozer, E. (2014). A rights-based approach to sexuality education: Conceptualization, clarification and challenges. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 46, 63–72.  

Constantine, N. A. & Berglas, N. F. (2014). Review of the Garos Sexual Behavior Inventory. In J. F. Carlson, K. F. Geisinger, & R. A. Spies (Eds.), The nineteenth mental measurements yearbook (pp. 311-314). Lincoln, NE: Buros Institute of Mental Measurements. 

Constantine, N. A., Slater, J. K., Carroll, J., & Antin, T. (2014). Smoking cessation, maintenance, and relapse experiences among pregnant and postpartum adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55, 216–221. 

Constantine, N. A. (2013). Intervention effectiveness research in adolescent health psychology: Methodological issues and strategies. In W. O’Donohue, L. Benuto, & L. Woodward (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent health psychology (pp. 295–322). New York, NY: Springer. 

Constantine, N. A. (2012). Regression analysis and causal inference: Cause for concern? Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 42, 134-137.

Goldfarb, E. S. & Constantine, N. A. (2011). Sexuality education. In B. B. Brown & M. Prinstein (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Adolescence (Vol. 2, pp. 322-331). San Diego: Academic Press.

Decker, M. & Constantine, N. A. (2011). Factors associated with contraceptive use in Angola. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 15, 68-77.

Jerman, P. & Constantine, N. A. (2010). Demographic and psychological predictors of parent-adolescent communication about sex. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39,1164-1174.

Constantine, N. A. (2008). Converging evidence leaves policy behind: Effectiveness of and support for school-based sex education programs. [editorial]. Journal of Adolescent Health, 42, 324-326.

Constantine, N. A., Jerman, P., & Huang, A. X. (2007). California parents' preferences and beliefs on school-based sexuality education policy. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 39(3), 167-175.

Constantine, N. A., Slater, J. K., and Carroll, J. (2007). Motivational aspects of community support for comprehensive school-based sexuality education. Sex Education, 7(4), 421-439.

Constantine, N. A. & Jerman, P. (2007). Acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccination by Californian parents of daughters: A representative statewide analysis. Journal of Adolescent Health, 40(2), 108-115.

Jerman, P., Constantine, N. A. & Nevarez, C. R. (2007). Sexually transmitted infections among California youth: Estimated incidence and cost, 2005. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 5(3),80-91.

Neuhauser, L., Constantine, W. L., Constantine, N.A.,Sokal-Gutierrez, K, Obarski, S .K., Clayton, L, Desai, M., Sumner, G., & Syme, S. L. (2007). Promoting prenatal and early childhood health: Evaluation of a statewide materials-based intervention for parents. American Journal of Public Health, 97(10), 1813-1819.

Constantine, N. A. & Jerman, P. (2007). Acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccination among Californian parents of daughters: A representative statewide analysis. [condensed]. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey. 62(6):377-379.

Constantine, N. A. (2007). Publication bias. In S. Boslaugh (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Epidemiology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishers.

Constantine, N. A. (2007). [Book review of Luker, K., When sex goes to school: Warring views on sex and sex education since the sixties.] Sex Education, 7(4), 441-443.

Constantine, N. A., Nevarez, C. R., Miller, M., & Hamilton, P. (2006). A statewide policy advocacy intervention in California: The No Time For Complacency initiative. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 4(3), 10-22.

Constantine, N. A. and Moskowitz, J. M. (2004). California adolescents' use of family planning services [letter]. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 36, 288-289.

Braverman, M.T., Constantine, N.A & Slater, J.K. (Eds.). (2004). Foundations and evaluation: Contexts and practices for effective philanthropy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Constantine, N.A. and Braverman, M.T. (2004). Appraising evidence on program effectiveness. In M.T. Braverman, N.A. Constantine, & J.K. Slater (Eds.), Foundations and evaluation: Contexts and practices for effective philanthropy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Constantine, N. A. (2004). Changes in sexual behaviors among high school students. [letter]. Journal of Adolescent Health, 35(6),430-31.

Constantine, N. A., Constantine, W. L., & Wrona, M. R. (1997).  Data management systems. In R. T. Gross, D. Spiker, & C. Haynes (Eds.), Helping low birth weight, premature babies: The Infant Health and Development Program. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Constantine, W. L., Haynes, C., Spiker, D., and Constantine, N. A. (1993). Recruitment and retention in a multisite clinical trial for low birth weight infants. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 14, 1-7.

LeTendre, D., Spiker, D., & Constantine, N. A. (1992). Establishing a ceiling on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development at 24 months.  In L. Lipsitt and C. K. Rovee‑Collier (Eds.), Advances in infancy research:  Vol. 7 (pp. 187-198).  Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Spiker, D., Kraemer, H. C., Constantine, N. A., and Bryant, D. (1992). Reliability and validity of behavior problem checklists as measures of stable traits in low birth weight preschool children. Child Development, 63, 1481-1496.

Infant Health and Development Program: Gross, R. T., Spiker, D., Constantine, N. A., Kreitman, W. L., Haynes, C. W., Ramey, C. T., et al. (1990).  Enhancing the outcomes of low birth weight, premature infants:  A multisite, randomized trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 263(22), 3035-3042.

Constantine, N. A., Kraemer, H. C., Kendall-Tackett, K. A., Bennett, F. C., Tyson, J. E., and Gross, R. T. (1987). Use of physical and neurologic observations in assessment of gestational age in low birth weight infants. Journal of Pediatrics, 110, 921-928.

Other interests: 
  • Senior Scientist and Program Director, PHI Center for Research on Adolescent Health and Development
  • Principal Investigator, California Adolescent Sexual Health Policy Project (at PHI, funded by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation)
  • Program Director, Predoctoral Research Fellowships Program in Adolescent Sexuality, Health, and Rights (at PHI, funded by the Ford Foundation)
  • Principal Investigator, Developmental and Randomized Evaluation of the Planned Parenthood-Los Angeles Sexuality Education Initiative (at PHI, funded by PP-LA and various foundations and individual donors)
  • Editorial Board, Journal of Adolescent Health
  • Editorial Board, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
  • Editorial Board, Journal of Clinical Trials
  • Board of Trustees, Planned Parenthood Northern California (2009-2014)
Profile Updated: August 26, 2015