Scientific retractions are on the rise, which has led to concerns that fraud—the reason for the majority of retractions—is growing. But is it, or are we just better at finding it? And are more retractions really bad news? In this talk, Dr. Ivan Oransky, vice president and global editorial director of MedPage Today, contends that today's trends are a sign of science working the way it should, warts and all, with important implications for reporters and editors who cover science and medicine. He also introduces some of the players who are helping keep all of us, researchers and journalists alike, more accountable.
Marcia Angell MD, MACP, is a senior lecturer in the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School and faculty associate in the Center for Bioethics. In this talk, she discusses how dying in America changed greatly after World War II, mainly because of the development of new drugs and technologies. Although that resulted in many welcome cures, it also created great suffering in patients who were terminally ill. Starting in the 1970s, the problem began to attract attention, and by 1990, the right of patients or their proxies to refuse life-sustaining treatment became recognized. But the right to forego life-sustaining treatment left the problem of what to do for terminally ill patients not receiving such treatment. In the 1990s, a controversial movement argued that physicians should have the right to help such patients end their lives faster and more peacefully. Now, assisted dying (also known as physician-assisted suicide) is legal in five states, including California.
Camara Jones MD, MPH, PhD is a family physician and epidemiologist. She is president of the American Public Health Association and senior fellow at Morehouse School of Medicine. In this talk, Dr. Jones presents analogies and allegories to help illustrate the three levels of racism and the impacts of racism on the health and well-being of our nation. She seeks to broaden the national health debate to include not only universal access to high-quality health care but also attention to the social determinants of health (including poverty) and the social determinants of equity (including racism).
John Thackara, author of a widely read blog, doorsofperception.com, and of a new book, How To Thrive In The Next Economy: Designing Tomorrow's World Today (Thames & Hudson), spoke at Sutardja Dai Hall as part of the School of Public Health’s Dean’s Speaker Series. He argued that health and well-being are best thought of as properties of a social and ecological context, not as the outcome of procedures paid for in hospitals. Re-imagined this way, public health is determined by the vitality of soils, plants, water, air, and other ecosystems. When the health of social and ecological contexts is the priority, quality of care can replace money as a better measure of value in an economy. Health, within this new frame, is best looked after as a commons at the scale of a bioregion.
Sir Michael Marmot, author of The Health Gap: The Challenge of an Unequal World and director of the University College London Institute of Health Equity, spoke at the David Brower Center as part of the School of Public Health’s Dean’s Speaker Series. He argued that creating the conditions for people to lead flourishing lives, and empowering individuals and communities, is the key to reducing health inequalities. Dramatic differences in health are not a simple matter of rich and poor; poverty alone doesn't drive ill health, but inequality does. In every country, people at relative social disadvantage suffer health disadvantage and shorter lives.
Venture out into the fields of Salinas with Mark Bittman as he interviews UC Berkeley School of Public Health's Brenda Eskenazi, chair of the Community Health Sciences Division. She leads the CHAMACOS (Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas) study, which follows children born between 2000-2002 and assesses the impact of pesticides and other environmental chemicals (like flame retardants) on their long-term health.
The School of Public Health, the Berkeley Population Center, and the Center on the Economics and Demography of Aging presented a symposium showcasing healthy communities research, with sessions on aligning health care and social determinants of health; community approaches to obesity prevention; and community-based health policy research in Richmond, California.
Dr. Sandeep Jauhar, a cardiologist, is the director of the Heart Failure Program at Long Island Jewish Medical Center. His two books about his medical education and career—Intern: A Doctor’s Initiation and Doctored: The Disillusionment of an American Physician—provide trenchant insights into the inefficiencies and waste of our troubled, profit-driven health care system, and the negative impact of these flaws on patient care. He has written for the New York Times for many years and is now a regular columnist for the opinion section.
As bacteria rapidly outmaneuver our ability to control them, we are increasingly vulnerable to outbreaks of drug-resistant pathogens. The use of antibiotics in livestock production is driving the growth of this resistance and also appears to be contributing to our obesity epidemic—all of which promises dramatically higher health care and human costs unless the situation is addressed. A discussion introduced by David Tuller, moderated by John Swartzberg, and featuring panelists Maryn McKenna, Lee Riley, Michael Pollan, and Piero Garzaro.
In this TEDx Yakima talk, Dr. Seth M. Holmes discusses how unequal policies force people to leave their homes and risk their lives to harvest our food; how unequal hierarchies in our food system determine who benefits and who gets sick; and how unequal narratives justify this harmful system. As global citizens, eaters, and neighbors, we have the opportunity to challenge these inequalities. Holmes is the Martin Sisters Assistant Professor of Health and Social Behavior at the UC Berkeley School of Public Health. His work focuses on social hierarchies, health inequalities, and the ways in which inequalities are naturalized and normalized in society and in health care. He is the author of Fresh Fruit, Broken Bodies.