Ndola Prata MD, MSc

Fred H. Bixby, Jr. Endowed Chair in Population and Family Planning
Professor, Maternal and Child Health
Co-Director, Innovations for Youth, School of Public Health
Co-Director, Center of Expertise in Women's Health, Gender and Empowerment, University of California, Global Health Institute
Education: 
  • MSc - Medical Demography, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, University of London
  • Certificate in Prévisions et Perspectives Démographiques (Population Projections and Demographic Methods)Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
  • Certificate in Using Demographic and Health Data for Health Sector Reform Harvard School of Public Health, Boston
  • Diploma in Demographic Analysis for Development Centro Latinoamericano y Caribeño de Demografía (CELADE), Costa Rica (CTCD/UNFPA)
  • Doctor of Medicine - Faculty of Medicine, University of Angola
Courses: 
  • PH 213A: Family Planning Population change and Health
  • PH 212A: International Maternal and Child Health
  • PH 212E: The role of the private sector in health care in developing countries
  • PH 181: Poverty and Population
  • HMS 298: UCB-UCSF Joint Medical Program (JMP) Thesis Seminar
Research Interests: 
  • Access and financing of reproductive health, family planning and maternal health services in developing countries
  • The role of private sector
  • Adolescent reproductive health services in developing countries
  • Maternal mortality in resource-scarce settings: measurement; what works; how to prioritize interventions; task shifting and sharing current projects
  • Estimating maternal mortality using community-based approaches
  • The use of misoprostol to manage postpartum hemorrhage and treatment of incomplete abortion in developing countries
  • Health care delivery systems that serve the poor
  • Provision of long term contraceptive methods by community-based distribution of contraceptives
  • Cost-effectiveness in family planning, comprehensive abortion care and maternal health interventions
Research Description: 

Design, implementation and evaluation of maternal health interventions that make the best use of existing health care infrastructure and maximizes human resources in developing countries.

Current Projects: 
  • Distribution and financing mechanisms to improve access to family planning
Selected Publications: 

JOURNAL ARTICLES

Prata, N. Suzanne Bell, Ashley Fraser, Adelaide Carvalho, Isilda Neves, Benjamin Nieto-Andrade (2017). Partner Support for Family Planning and Modern Contraceptive Use in Luanda, Angola. African Journal of Reproductive Health (in press)

Prata, N, Karen Weidert, Amanuel Gessessew (2017). Promoting Confidence: A case of training CHWs to become social marketers of injectable contraceptives in Ethiopia. Global Health: Science and Practice vol 5 no.1p44-56. Mar 24, 2017.

Diamond-Smith N, Raj A, Prata N, Weiser SD (2017) Associations of women's position in the household and food insecurity with family planning use in Nepal. PLoS ONE 12(4): e0176127. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176127. Apr 28, 2017.

Nuriye Nalan Sahin Hodoglugil, Fidele Ngabo, Joanna Ortega, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Eugene Ngoga, Evangeline Dushimeyezu, Eugene Kanyamanza, Ndola Prata (2017). Making Abortion Safer in Rwanda: Operationalization of the Penal Code of 2012 to Expand Legal Exemptions and Challenges. African Journal of Reproductive Health, Vol 21, No 1 May 23, 2017.

Karen Hobday, Jennifer Hulme, Suzanne Belton, Caroline SE Homer, Ndola Prata (2017). Community- based misoprostol for the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage: A narrative review of the evidence base, challenges and scale-up. Global Public Health, Vol. 0, iss 0,0. Mar 30, 2017. 

Benjamin Nieto-Andrade, Eva Fidel, Rebecca Simmons, Dana Sievers, Anya Fedorova, Suzanne Bell, Karen Weidert, Ndola Prata (2017). Women’s Limited Choice and Availability of Modern Contraception at Retail Outlets and Public-Sector Facilities in Luanda, Angola, 2012–2015. Global Health: Science and Practice 2017, Volume 5, Number 1. Mar 24, 2017.

Prata, N. Ashley Fraser, Megan J. Huchko, Jessica D. Gipson, Mellissa Withers, Shayna Lewis, Erica J. Ciaraldi, Ushma D. Upadhyay (2017). Women’s Empowerment and Family Planning: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Biosocial Science 2017 Jan 10:1-31.

Harris LF, Awoonor-Williams JK, Gerdts C, Gil Urbano L, González Vélez AC, Halpern J, Prata N, Baffoe P. Development of a Conceptual Model and Survey Instrument to Measure Conscientious Objection to Abortion Provision. PLoS One. 2016 Oct 13;11(10):e0164368.

Harris LF, Halpern J, Prata N, Chavkin W, Gerdts C. Conscientious objection to abortion provision: Why context matters. Global Public Health. 2016 Sep 12:1-11.

Ana Jacinto, Mahomed Riaz Mobaracaly, Momade Bay Ustá, Cassimo Bique, Cassandra Blazer, Karen Weidert and Ndola Prata (2016). Expanding contraceptive service delivery: findings from Mozambique’s first pilot assessing safety and acceptability of community-based distribution of injectable contraceptives. Global Health: Science and Practice. 2016 Sep 29:4(3) 410-21.

Prata, N., & Weidert, K. (2016, July 29). Efficacy of misoprostol for the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage: Current knowledge and implications for health care planning. International Journal of Women's Health IJWH, Volume 8, 341-349.

Blazer, C., Prata, N. (2016). Postpartum family planning: current evidence on successful interventions.Open Access Journal of Contraception. 2016 Apr; 7: 53-67.q

Prata, N., Downing, J., Bell, S., Weidert, K., Godefy, H., & Gessessew, A. (2016). Cost of providing injectable contraceptives through a community-based social marketing program in Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Contraception. 2016 Feb; pii: S0010-7824(16)00035-4.

Prata, N. (2016). Prevention of post-partum haemorrhage at community level: which uterotonic? Lancet Global Health. 2016 Jan; 4(1): e4-5.

Prata, N., Bell, S., Weirdert, K., Carvalho, A., & Neves, I. (2016). Varying family planning strategies across age categories: differences in factors associated with current modern contraceptive use among young and adult women in Luanda, Angola. Open Access Journal of Contraception. 2016 Jan; 7: 1-9.

Prata, N., & Summer, A. (2015). Assessing political priority for reproductive health in Ethiopia. Reproductive Health Matters. 2015 Nov; 23(46): 158-68.

Goldblatt, A., Kwena, Z., Lahiff, M., Agot, K., Minnis, A., Prata, N., Lin, J., Bukusi, E.A., & Auerswald, C.L. (2015). Prevalence and correlates of HIV infection among street boys in Kisumu, Kenya. PLoS One. 2015 Oct; 10(10): e0140005.

Upadhyay, U.D., Gipson, J.D., Withers, M., Lewis, S., Ciaraldi, E.J., Fraser, A., et al. (2014). Women's Empowerment and Fertility: A Review of the Literature. Social Science and Medicine. 2014 Aug; 115(0): 111-120.

Ejembi, C., Shittu, O., Moran, M., Adiri, F., Oguntunde, O., Saadatu, B., Aku-Akai, L., Abdul, M.A., Ajayi, V., & Williams, N., Prata, N. (2014). Community-level distribution of misoprostol to prevent postpartum hemorrhage at home births in northern Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2014 Jun; 18(2): 166-75.

Agrawal, P., Campbell, O.M.R., & Prata, N. (2014). The role of private providers in maternal health. The Lancet Global Health. 2014 Mar; 2(3): e133-e134

Bell, S., Passano, P., Bohl, D.D., Islam, A., & Prata, N. (2014). Training Traditional Birth Attendants on the Use of Misoprostol and a Blood Measurement Tool to Prevent Postpartum Haemorrhage: Lessons Learnt from Bangladesh. Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition. 2014 Mar; 32(1): 118-129.

Prata, N., Bell, S., & Quaiyum, M.A. (2014). Modeling Maternal Mortality in Bangladesh: The Role of Misoprostol in Postpartum Hemorrhage Prevention. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2014 Feb; 14(1): 78.

Prata, N., Bell, S., Holston, M., & Mohammad, Q. (2014). Is attendant at delivery associated with the use of interventions to prevent postpartum hemorrhage at home births? The case of Bangladesh. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2014 Jan; 14(1): 14-24.

Prata, N., Holston, M., Fraser, A., & Melkamu, Y. (2013). Contraceptive Use Among Women Seeking Repeat Abortion in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2013 Dec. 17(4): 56-65.

Prata, N., Bell, S., & Weidert, K. (2013). Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage in low-resource settings: current perspectives. International Journal of Women’s Health. 2013 Nov; 5: 737-52.

Karanj, J., Muganyizi, P., Rwamushaija, E., Hodoglugil, N., Holm, E.N.; Regional Experts Summit Group. (2013). Confronting maternal mortality due to postpartum hemorrhage and unsafe abortion: a call for commitment. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2013 Jun; 17(2): 18-22.

Prata, N., Bell, S., & Gessessew, A. (2013). Comprehensive abortion care: evidence of improvements in hospital-level indicators in Tigray, Ethiopia. BMJ Open. 2013 Jul; 3(7).

Prata, N., Weidert, K., Fraser, A., & Gessessew, A. (2013). Meeting Rural Demand: A Case for Combining Community-Based Distribution and Social Marketing of Injectable Contraceptives in Tigray, Ethiopia. PLoS ONE. 2013 Jul; 8(7): e68794.

Prata, N., Bell, S., Weidert, K., & Gessessew, A. (2013). Potential for cost recovery: Women's willingness to pay for injectable contraceptives in Tigray, Ethiopia. PLoS ONE. 2013 May; 8(5): e64032.

Lowe, R.F., & Prata, N. (2013). Hemoglobin and Serum Ferritin Levels in Women Using Copper- Releasing or Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine Devices: A Systematic Review. Contraception. 2013 Apr; 87(4): 486-496.

Smith, J.M., Gubin, R., Holston, M.M., Fullerton, J., & Prata, N. (2013). Misoprostol for Postpartum Hemorrhage Prevention at Home Birth: An Integrative Review of Global Implementation Experience to Date. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2013 Feb; 13(1): 44.

Campbell, M.M., Prata, N., & Potts, M. (2013). The Impact of Freedom on Fertility Decline. The Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. 2013 Jan; 39(1): 44-50.

Prata, N., Weidert, K., & Sreenivas, A. (2012). Meeting the Need: Youth and family planning in Sub- Saharan Africa. Contraception. 2012 Nov; 88(1): 83-90.

Gerdts, C., Prata, N., & Gessessew, A. (2012). An Unequal Burden: Risk factors for severe complications following unsafe abortion in Tigray, Ethiopia. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2012 Sep; 118, Supplement 2: S107-S112.

Singh, S., García, S.G., Guillaume, A., Okonofua, F., & Prata, N. (2012). The health, social, and economic consequences of unsafe abortion: Papers presented at an IUSSP Seminar, Mexico, 2010. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2012 Sep; 118, Supplement 2 (Guest Editors for Special Issue): S63- S64.

Prata, N., Passano, P., Bell, S., Rowen, T., & Potts, M. (2012). New hope: community-based misoprostol use to prevent postpartum haemorrhage. Health Policy and Planning. 2012 Aug; 28(4): 339-46.

Prata, N., Quaiyum, M.A., Passano, P., Bell, S., Bohl, D.D., Hossain, S., et al. (2012). Training traditional birth attendants to use misoprostol and an absorbent delivery mat in home births. Social Science & Medicine. 2012 Aug; 75(11): 2021-2027.

Prata, N., Gerdts, C., & Gessessew, C. (2012). An Innovative Approach to Measuring Maternal Mortality at the Community Level in Low-Resource Settings Using Mid-Level Providers: A Feasibility Study in Tigray, Ethiopia. Reproductive Health Matters. 2012 Jun; 20(39): 196-204.

Bell, S., Prata, N., Lahiff, M., & Eskenazi, B. (2012). Civil Unrest and Birthweight: an Exploratory Analysis of the 2007/2008 Kenyan Crisis. Social Science & Medicine. 2012 Feb; 74(9): 1324-1330.

Prata, N., Ejembi, C., Fraser, A, Shittu, O., & Minkler, M. (2012). Community Mobilization to Reduce Postpartum Hemorrhage in Home Births in Northern Nigeria. Social Science & Medicine. 2012 Jan; 74(8): 1288-96.

Prata, N., Hamza, S., Bell, S., Karasek, D., Vahidnia, F., & Holston, M. (2011). Inability to Predict Postpartum Hemorrhage: Insights from Egyptian Intervention Data. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2011 Nov; 11: 97.

Prata, N., Gessessew, A., Campbell, M., & Potts, M. (2011). "A New Hope for Women": Medical Abortion in a Low-Resource Setting in Ethiopia. The Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. 2011 Oct; 37(4): 196-197.

Prata, N., Bell, S., Holston, M., Gerdts, C., & Melkamu, Y. (2011). Factors Associated with Choice of Post-Abortion Contraception in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2011 Sep; 15(3): 55-62.

Sahin-Hodoglugil, N.N., Graves, A., & Prata, N. (2011). The Role of Misoprostol for Scaling up Postabortion Care. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 2011 Sep; 37(3): 158.

Prata, N,. Gessessew, A., Cartwright, A., & Fraser, A. (2011). Provision of Injectable Contraceptives in Ethiopia through Community-Based Reproductive Health Agents. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2011 Aug; 89(8): 556-564.

Gessessew, A., Ab Barnabas, G., Prata, N., & Weidert, K. (2011). Task Shifting and Sharing in Tigray, Ethiopia, to Achieve Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2011 Apr; 113(1): 28-31.

Prata, N., Passano, P., Rowen, T., Bell, S., Walsh, J., & Potts, M. (2011). Where There Are (Few) Skilled Birth Attendants. Journal of Health Population and Nutrition. 2011 Apr; 29(2): 81-91.

Rowen, T., Prata, N., & Passano, P. (2011). Evaluation of a Traditional Birth Attendant Training Programme in Bangladesh. Midwifery. 2011 Apr; 27(2): 229-36.

Potts, M., Prata, N., & Sahin-Hodoglugil, N.N. (2010). Misoprostol Use in the Community to Reduce Maternal Death-Reply. Lancet. 2010 Sep; 376(9745): 955-56.

Prata, N., Gessessew, A., Cartwright, A., Karasek, D., & Potts, M. (2010). Community-Based Provision of DMPA in Tigray, Ethiopia: Task Shifting to Reach Women. Contraception. 2010 Aug; 82(2): 198-198.

Shittu, O., Ejembi, C., Adaji, S., Abdul, M., Idris, S., Abdulkarim, B., Mandara, M., Prata, N., Perlman, D., Okonofua, F., & Potts, M. (2010). The Current State of Reproductive Health in Rural Northern Nigeria in the Context of the Pursuit of the MDGs: Perspectives from a Community-Based Research Training Program. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2010 Aug; 14(3, Special Issue): 15-18.

Prata, N., Mbaruku, G., Grossman, A., Holston, M., & Hsieh, K. (2010). Community-Based Availability of Misoprostol: Is It Safe? African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2010 Jun; 13(2): 117-28.

Potts, M., Prata, N., & Sahin-Hodoglugil, N.N. (2010). Maternal Mortality: One Death Every 7 Min. Lancet. 2010 May; 375(9728): 1762-1763.

Prata, N., Passano, P., Sreenivas, A., & Gerdts, C.E. (2010). Maternal Mortality in Developing Countries: Challenges in Scaling-up Priority Interventions. Women's Health. 2010 Mar; 6(2): 311-327.

Sanghvi, H., Ansari, N., Prata, N., Gibson, H., Ehsan, A.T., & Smith, J.M. (2010). Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage at Home Birth in Afghanistan. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2010 Mar; 108(3): 276-281.

Potts, M., Prata, N., El Refaey, H., Sanghvi, H., Dorney, P., Ades, V., et al. (2010). Empowering Women to Control Post-Partum Haemorrhage. Lancet. 2010 Feb; 375(9713): 459-460.

Prata, N., & Gerdts, C. (2010). Measurement of Postpartum Blood Loss. British Medical Journal. 2010 Feb; 340: c555.

Prata, N., Sreenivas, A., Greig, F., Walsh, J., & Potts, M. (2010). Setting Priorities for Safe Motherhood Interventions in Resource-Scarce Settings. Health Policy. 2010 Jan; 94(1): 1-13.

Prata, N., Graff, M., Graves, A., & Potts, M. (2009). Avoidable Maternal Deaths: Three Ways to Help Now. Global Public Health. 2009 Oct; 4(6): 575-587.

Prata, N. (2009). Making Family Planning Accessible in Resource-Poor Settings. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. 2009 Oct; 364(1532): 3093-3099.

Lion, K., Prata, N., & Stewart, C. (2009). Adolescent Childbearing in Nicaragua: A Quantitative Assessment of Associated Factors. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 2009 Jun; 35(2): 91-96.

Prata, N., Gessessew, A., Abraha, A., Holston, M., & Potts, M. (2009). Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage: Options for Home Births in Rural Ethiopia. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2009 Jun; 13(2): 87-95.

Prata, N., Sreenivas, A., Vahidnia, F., & Potts, M. (2009). Saving Maternal Lives in Resource-Poor Settings: Facing Reality. Health Policy. 2009 Feb; 89(2): 131-148.

Prata, N., Sreenivas, A., & Bellows, B. (2008). Potential of Dual-Use Policies to Meet Family Planning and HIV Prevention Needs: A Case Study of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care. 2008 Mar; 34(4): 219-226.

Prata, N. (2007). The Need for Family Planning. Population and Environment. 2007 May; 28(4-5): 212- 222.

Campbell, M., Cleland, J., Ezeh, A., & Prata, N. (2007). Return of the Population Growth Factor. Science (Washington). 2007 Mar; 315(5818): 1501-1502.

Bradley, S.E.K., Prata, N., Young-Lin, N., & Bishai, D.M. (2007). Cost-Effectiveness of Misoprostol to Control Postpartum Hemorrhage in Low-Resource Settings. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2007 Feb; 97(1): 52-56.

Prata, N. (2007). Assistance to International Family Planning Programs. University of California Davis Journal of International Law and Policy. 2007 Feb; 13(1): 19.

Prata, N., Morris, L., Mazive, E., Vahidnia, F., & Stehr, M. (2006). Relationship between HIV Risk Perception and Condom Use: Evidence from a Population-Based Survey in Mozambique. International Family Planning Perspectives. 2006 Dec; 32(4): 192-200.

Prata, N. (2006). A Global Overview of Ongoing Misoprostol Studies. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2006 Nov; 94: S147-S148.

Potts, M., Prata, N., Walsh, J., & Grossman, A. (2006). Parachute Approach to Evidence Based Medicine. British Medical Journal. 2006 Sep; 333(7570): 701.

Prata, N., Hamza, S., Gypson, R., Nada, K., Vahidnia, F., & Potts, M. (2006). Misoprostol and Active Management of the Third Stage of Labor. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2006 Aug; 94(2): 149-155.

Prata, N., Vahidnia, F., & Fraser, A. (2005). Gender and Relationship Differences in Condom Use among 15-24-Year-Olds in Angola. International Family Planning Perspectives. 2005 Dec; 31(4): 192-199.

Prata, N., Vahidnia, F., Potts, M., & Dries-Daffner, I. (2005). Revisiting Community-Based Distribution Programs: Are They Still Needed? Contraception. 2005 Dec; 72(6): 402-407.

Prata, N., Mbaruku, G., Campbell, M., Potts, M., & Vahidnia, F. (2005). Controlling Postpartum Hemorrhage after Home Births in Tanzania. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2005 Jul; 90(1): 51-55.

Prata, N., Montagu, D., & Jefferys, E. (2005). Private Sector, Human Resources and Health Franchising in Africa. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2005 Apr; 83(4): 274-279.

Prata, N., Mbaruku, G., & Campbell, M. (2005). Using the Kanga to Measure Postpartum Blood Loss. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2005 Apr; 89(1): 49-50.

Prata, N., Greig, F., Walsh, J., & West, A. (2004). Ability to Pay for Maternal Health Services: What Will It Take to Meet WHO Standards? Health Policy. 2004 Nov; 70(2): 163-174.

Agadjanian, V., & Prata, N. (2003). Civil War and Child Health: Regional and Ethnic Dimensions of Child Immunization and Malnutrition in Angola. Social Science & Medicine. 2003 Jun; 56(12): 2515-2527.

Agadjanian, V., & Prata, N. (2002). War, Peace, and Fertility in Angola. Demography. 2002 May; 39(2): 215-231.

Agadjanian, V., & Prata, N. (2001). War and Reproduction: Angola's Fertility in Comparative Perspective. Journal of Southern African Studies. 2001 Jun; 27(2): 329-347.

BOOK CHAPTERS

Prata, N. (2017). Access to Family Planning and Women’s Health. In Hans Groth & John F. May (Eds.), Africa’s Population: In Search of a Demographic Dividend. Springer ISBN: 978-3-319-46887-7.

Prata, N. (2012). Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage at the Community Level. In SS Arulkumaran, M Karoshi, LG Keith, AB Lalondé & C B-Lynch (Eds.), A Comprehensive Textbook of Postpartum Hemorrhage: An Essential Clinical Reference for Effective Management (2nd Edition).

Roy, J., Dowd, A.M., Muller, A., Pal, S., & Prata, N. (2012). Chapter 21 - Lifestyles, Well-Being and Energy. Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future (pp. 1527-1548). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria.

Prata, N. (2008). Health Systems of Sub-Saharan Africa. In SR Quah & K Heggenhougen (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Public Health (pp. 250-257). Oxford: Academic Press, Elsevier.

Prata, N. (2007). Angola. In C D'Avanzo & E Geissler (Eds.), Mosby’s Pocket Guide to Cultural Health Assessment (pp. 17-23). St. Louis & London: Elsevier (Mosby).

Prata, N. (2006). Management of Postpartum Haemmorrage at Community Level. In C B-Lynch, L Keith, A LaLonde & M Karoshi (Eds.), A Textbook of Postpartum Hemorrhage: A Comprehensive Guide to Evaluation, Management and Surgical Intervention (pp. 158-159). Dumfriesshire, UK: Sapiens Publishing.

Stansfield, S.K., Walsh, J., Prata, N., & Evans, T. (2006). Information to Improve Decision Making for Health. In DT Jamison, JG Breman, AR Measham, G Alleyne, M Claeson, DB Evans, P Jha, A Mills & P Musgrove (Eds.), Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (pp. 1017-1030). Washington, DC: World Bank and the Oxford University Press.

Montagu, D., Prata, N., Campbell, M., Walsh, J., & Orero, S. (2005). Kenya: Reaching the Poor through the Private Sector – a Network Model for Expanding Access to Reproductive Health Services. In D Gwatkin, A Wagstaff & A Yazbeck (Eds.), Reaching the Poor with Health, Nutrition, and Population Services: What Works, What Doesn't, and Why (pp. 81-96). Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Prata, N. (2003). Angola. In C D'Avanzo & E Geissler (Eds.), Mosby's Pocket Guide to Cultural Health Assessment (pp. 21-29). St. Louis: Elsevier (Mosby).

TECHNICAL REPORTS

Prata, N., Gessessew, A., & Weidert, K. (2015) Scaling Up Community Based Distribution of Injectable Contraceptives in Tigray, Ethiopia. Final Report. Tigray Regional Health Bureau, Mekelle University, Women’s Association of Tigray, Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability.

Jacinto, A., Mobaracaly, R., Mohamed B.U., Bique, C., Blazer, C., & Prata, N. (2015) Community-based Distribution of DMPA in Montepuez and Chiure Districts in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. Final Report. Pathfinder International, Associação Moçambicana de Obstetras e Ginecologistas, Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability.

Venture Strategies Innovations (Principal Investigator: Prata, N.). (2015) Operationalization of Exemption for Abortion in the Penal Code of 2012. Report on Implementation. Ministry of Health, Republic of Rwanda, Venture Strategies Innovations.

Bell, S., Weidert, K., Vohra, D., Harris, L., Prata, N. (2013). Community Survey Report, Cacuaco and Viana Municipalities, Luanda, Angola, 2012. Final Report. Population Services International, Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability.

Carvalho, A., Neves, I., Sefu, O., Prata, N., & Liu, M. (2012) Melhoria do acesso aos serviços de cuidado s pós-aborto em Angola com a introdução do misoprostol para tratamento do aborto incompleto. Relatório Final. Venture Strategies Innovations, Direcção Nacional de Saúde Pública, Ministério da Saúde, Angola.

Bique, C., Prata, N., Holston, M., Moran, M., & Weinrib, R. (2011). Community-based Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage with Misoprostol in Mozambique. Final Report. Venture Strategies Innovations, Associação Moçambicana de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia, Population Services International, Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability.

Bique, C., Prata, N., Holston, M., Moran, M., & Weinrib, R. (2011). Expanding Access to Postabortion Care Services in Mozambique. Final Report. Venture Strategies Innovations, Associação Moçambicana de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia, Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability.

Karanja, J., Qureshi, Z., Holston, M., Cartwright, A., Weinrib, R., & Prata, N. (2011) Introduction of Misoprostol for Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage at the Community Level in Kenya. Final Report. Venture Strategies Innovations, the Division of Reproductive Health (DRH), Kenya Obstetrical and Gynaecological Society (KOGS).

Quaiyum, M.A., Holston, M., Bell, S., & Prata, N. (2011). Scaling up of misoprostol for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage in 29 upazilas of Bangladesh. Final Report. Venture Strategies Innovations, RDRS Bangladesh, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, (ICDDR,B), Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability.

Prata, N., Gessessew, A., Holston, M., Moran, M., & Weinrib, R. (2011) Comprehensive Abortion Care Pilot Project in Tigray, Ethiopia. Final Report. Venture Strategies Innovations, Tigray Regional Health Bureau, Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability.

Prata, N. & Holston, M. (2011) Prevention of postpartum Hemorrhage at home births: Misoprostol distribution during antenatal care visits in Tanzania. Final Report. Venture Strategies Innovations, Ifakara Health Institute (IHI), Population Services International (PSI)/Tanzania, Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainabilty.

Ejembi, C. & Prata, N. (2010). Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage at home births in five communities around Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Technical Report. Venture Strategies Innovations, Population and Reproductive Health Partnership, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability.

Prata, N., Cartwright, A., Holston, M., Weinrib, R., Hamilton, M., Odera, D., Nesper, E., & Kaseba, C. (2010). Misoprostol distribution at antenatal care: Visits for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage. Final Report. Venture Strategies Innovations, Ministry of Health Zambia, Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability.

Prata, N. (2005). Chapters on STD and HIV and Maternal Health. Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud Reproductiva 2004 (ENDSSR) Informe Final [Reproductive Health Survey Paraguay Final Report] Asunción, Paraguay: Centro Paraguayo de Estudios de Población (CEPEP).

Prata, N. (2005). Contraception Awareness and Knowledge of Use [Chapter 6]. In L Morris, J Herold, S Bino, A Yili & D Jackson (Eds.), Reproductive Health Survey Albania, 2002; Final Report [May 2005] (p. 83). Tirana, Albania: Institute for Public Health, Albania Ministry of Health, Institute of Statistics & Atlanta: Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control.

Prata, N., Bino, S., & Morris, L. (2005). Knowledge and Experience of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Transmission and Prevention [Chapter 14]. In L Morris, J Herold, S Bino, A Yili & D Jackson (Eds.), Reproductive Health Survey Albania, 2002; Final Report [May 2005] (p. 265).

Tirana, Albania: Institute for Public Health, Albania Ministry of Health, Institute of Statistics & Atlanta: Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control.

Prata, N. (2003). Chapters on Maternal and Child Health, Water/Sanitation, Mortality, & Fertility (Chapters 4, 9, 10-1 7, 20, & 23-25). MICS II: Inquérito de Indicadores Multiples [multiple indicator cluster survey] Luanda: Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE) & UNICEF Angola.

Prata, N. (2002). Contraception (Chapter 4), Sexual Experience (Chapter 5), & Reproductive Health (Chapter 7). Mozambique, 2001: Inquérito Nacional Sobre Saúde Reprodutiva e Comportamento Sexual dos Jovens e Adolescentes (INJAD) (National Youth and Adolescent Reproductive Health and Sexual Behavior Survey). Maputo: Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE)-UNICEF.

Agadjanian, V., & Prata, N. (2001). Trends in Angola’s Fertility (July 2001). Workshop on prospects for fertility decline in high fertility countries (p. 25). New York: Population Division, Department of Economics and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat (UN/POP/PFD/2001/9).

Prata, N. (1999). Guide d’exploitation et d’analyse des Données de Recensement et d’Enquêtes en Matiére de Scolarisation (October). In le 7e Réseau thématique de recherche de I'UEPA sur "les déterminants familiaux de la scolarisation" (Ed.), Les Documents et Manuels du Centre français sur la Population et le Développement (CEPED) [No. 9]. Paris: CEPED/UEPA/UNESCO.

Prata, N. (1999). La Scolarization en Angola: Résultats de l'Enquête MICS 1996. Dossier du CEPED No. 45: Centre Français sur la Population et Development (CEPED).

Prata, N. (1997). Mortality (Chapters 6) & Fertility (Chapter 7) MICS I: Inquérito de Indicadores Multiplos (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey). Luanda: Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE) Living Conditions Monitoring Office (GMCVP) & UNICEF (Angola).

Prata, N. (1995). A Pobreza Urbana em Luanda (Urban Poverty in Luanda) [August 1995]. Luanda: HABITAT/UNDP.

Prata, N. (1993). Separated Children: Findings from a Population Based Survey. Luanda, Angola: Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE)/Save the Children UK.